It is ironic…the term MICRO-aggression. My personal experiences have made me a bit hypervigilant when it comes to the comments and behaviors of non-Black folks in my space, so when it happens (a microaggression that is), it feels like anything but MICRO. As I have gotten older and gained better understanding of intention and nuance, it feels more like a punch in the gut. I often find my internal voice responding: “What the F$#* did you just say to me??!!”. But more on that later.
Dr. Henry Pierce was a Black man. A psychiatrist. A professor of education and psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. A consultant to the long running Sesame Street. And the person who coined the term that I am here to talk about today: MICRO-AGGRESSION. Much of what Pierce wrote regarding the subject was based on personal experience and observations specifically between Blacks and Whites. He highlighted the effects of the cumulative nature of the intentional or unintentional acts of insult or dismissal made against Blacks by their non-Black counterparts.
Derald Wing Sue is a Chinese-American professor of counseling psychology at Columbia University and expanded on Dr. Pierce’s work. In a 2007 article in the American Psychologist (Vol. 2, No. 4), Sue discusses three types of racial transgressions and their relevance to clinical practice:
Micro-assaults: Conscious and intentional actions or slurs, such as using racial epithets, displaying swastikas or deliberately serving a white person before a person of color in a restaurant.
Micro-insults: Verbal and nonverbal communications that subtly convey rudeness and insensitivity and demean a person’s racial heritage or identity. An example is an employee who asks a colleague of color how she got her job, implying she may have landed it through an affirmative action or quota system.
Micro-invalidations: Communications that subtly exclude, negate or nullify the thoughts, feelings or experiential reality of a person of color. For instance, white people often ask Asian-Americans where they were born, conveying the message that they are perpetual foreigners in their own land.
There is a pronounced intersection of my racial identity with the other areas of my life. As a young person, I did not quite understand it. It was more like moments where something happened that might have made me a little confused or have a feeling that something was not quite right. But as I got older and gained a clearer understanding of bias, ignorance, privilege, and all of the “isms”, deciphering these moments became second nature.
As I mentioned above, what once seemed like confusion is now a spectrum ranging from annoyance à woosahhhh à Oh she got me f*$&ked up! To make it simple, I have outlined three examples below of my own experiences. Things that have happened more times than I can count, each time rendering a reaction further and further up that spectrum. As you read along, I encourage you to think about your own experiences. As a person of a marginalized group, what has been your interpretation and reactions to these types of interactions? As a person outside of these marginalized groups, what has been your level of personal awareness? The following are my most frequently experienced:
- THE WELL SPOKEN ONE: Since I can remember, I have gotten the “you are so well spoken” or “she is so articulate” or even the look of COMPLETE and UTTER SHOCK when I finally meet face to face with someone for whom I had only interacted with via email. The insinuation that it is not the norm for a Black person to be able to communicate in complete sentences or dare I say, articulately, is offensive. And while I admit my response these days is typically a passive aggressive fake smile of acknowledgement, in my head I am saying “Yes B$*%H I am BLACK!”. The icing on the cake…and the thing that I IMPLORE people (including US) stop saying, is the notorious “You sound white”. I should not even have to explain, but for those wondering…the exclamation dictates that “speaking white” is the equivalent of speaking with articulation. So let us all agree to stop It.
- WHAT YOU CAN DO INSTEAD: If you find yourself impressed by the way that a person speaks, just have that conversation with yourself in your head…no need to say it aloud. And then ask yourself, why am I so impressed? What was my expectation and why?
- YOU’RE NOT BLACK, BLACK: One too many times I have been in conversations with non-Black folks who are speaking about their experiences with Black folks. Typically, it is some reference of “them” doing things that “they” do. And when I remind my non-Black counterpart that I too am one of “them”, they respond with something along the lines of:
- No, not like you
- Come on, you know what I mean
- Well, you’re not Black, Black
- Well I know you’re different
- No, you are not like that
Each response just as offensive as the next, I typically use these moments as an opportunity to teach. Teach my non-Black counterpart a lesson in “if you say that to the wrong person you will get smacked”. The over-generalization of Black people is a symptom of a much larger problem and what often fuels what has come to be known as microaggressions.
- WHAT YOU CAN DO INSTEAD: Do not generalize groups of people. And as a general rule, do not have conversations with a member of a marginalized group about the behaviors of other members of that marginalized group, because you feel that it is somehow safe to do so. It is not.
- HOW DO YOU GET YOUR HAIR LIKE THAT?: Hair is a thing in the Black culture. Like, a big thing. Like I got a note to get out of swim class in middle school because I argued that I cannot get my hair wet type of thing. And while we understand that the way that we change our hair like some people change their drawls is fascinating to some outside of the culture, there is a huge boundary issue that exists which has resulted in everything from folks getting cussed out to mushed in the face. Let me break it down:
- I do not want you to touch me anywhere without permission.
- Even with permission, I do not want you to PET my head as if I am a dog
- I do not want you to say “it is so fascinating” or “it is so interesting”
- I do not want you to tell me about your other Black friend and their hair
- I am also not interested in your cornrows that you got on vacation one time
- I do not feel like explaining to you how my hair went from short to long overnight
- Or how the braid is attached
- Or how/if I wash it
- Or how long it took
- Or how heavy it is
- Or if it hurt
It may be difficult to fully understand from an outside perspective, but after years and years and yearssssss of the exact same questions and reactions from folks, it begins to feel like I am here on display for your entertainment. Like something so typical within my culture is highlighted in such a way (often in front of an audience of other non-Black folks) to make me feel like not only am I different but most certainly not the standard (which by the way I would never want to be).
- WHAT YOU CAN DO INSTEAD: If you see your Black friend or associate has changed their hairstyle yet again (because we will), just give it a cool “I love your hair”. Allow them to open up the conversation if they choose. Let your Black friend invite the conversation OR not. Don’t assume they’re in the mood to educate you on our mane.
My focus here has been my own experiences as a Black woman, but these types of interactions occur in each and every marginalized group of people for reasons ranging from privileged curiosity to blatant racism (or other ism). Folks on the other side may say things like “I didn’t even mean it like that” or “Why does it always have to become about color”…and to them I would say to check your privilege. To not even be able to conceptualize how one might be offended by your unintentional comment or gesture is the definition of privilege. It is okay to be curious and even welcomed in some circumstances, but for folks who may unintentionally engage in these micro aggressive behaviors, I challenge you to educate yourself. To explore that intersection of your privilege and your curiosity to determine how you can become more self-aware, culturally informed, and generally respectful of those different from you.
Dr. Pierce opened up a pandoras box of sorts when putting a name to all of this. I would imagine if one were to interview members of the many marginalized groups on this planet, each would have a story that may create some new category under the MICROAGGRESSION umbrella. And we all have probably been guilty at one time or another of committing the act toward someone different than us, because as it says, it can often be unintentional. Just a natural curiosity. But we ALL have to remember that sometimes our curiosity can be at the expense of another person’s wellbeing. And that is on US (me, you, the offender) and not THEM.
SIDENOTE: I often tell groups that I work with in professional capacities that if we are not willing to have the difficult conversations then we are never going to grow past and through where we are. So if you find yourself taking offense when you read pieces like this, I urge you to ask yourself why. What is it about correcting of our collective offenses toward one another that makes you uncomfortable? And if you need help figuring that out, you can hire me or someone like me to talk it out!